Part #1 – Coyote Hunting Basics

Coyote hunting can be a very challenging hobby to take up with plenty of ups and downs. For years, I would go out and blast a rabbit distress call thinking it was the “go to method” of success. Mainly because it worked for me a couple times and it seemed to be the call most guys were using and the most advertised type of call. Soon, after I hit a very boring spree of empty sets, I started getting creative!

     A few do’s: I soon learned that the flaw in my technique wasn’t the sounds I was using…. It was my approach and setup. You can’t go into a hunt thinking “this will work every time” when you’re targeting coyotes. Coyotes are one of the most unpredictable and hardest animals to hunt. They are survivors and they do just that very well using their natural instincts to hunt and survive.


So what did I start doing different? For night hunting, I started scanning on my way out to my destination. For example, don’t be leery to turn on your NightSnipe Hunting Light on the way out to your stand site; you’d be surprised at how many times you’ll catch eyes when doing this. Coyotes are always moving, hunting and grazing the fields that we target them in.  Just make sure you are 100% sure you know the identity of your target before you get too excited. Many times you will catch the eyes of grazing deer or cattle in pasture lands. We prefer the red led as it is scientifically the least visible to the K-9 / Coyote.
Locating:  Locating coyotes is one way of increasing your odds at becoming successful. To hunt coyotes successfully, especially at night, it’s good to know if they are in fact in the area you’re planning to hunt. Go out the night before you’re planning to hunt and let out a couple lonesome howls, group howls or other locator calls and see if you get a response. However, keep in mind that no response doesn’t necessarily mean they aren’t in the area. Many times, they just might not be vocal or there at that given time. Locating gives you an idea of what part of a property you want to focus on and the approach you want to take when setting up.


      The wind:  (The number one thing to keep in mind) Try to set up on a good crosswind. If you’re using an electronic call, set it up slightly upwind of you in that crosswind. That will help get the coyotes between you and the call if they try to circle. The key is to catch them before they get down wind, which they are very good at!


A few don’ts: (Over calling and over hunting an area). Don’t think that if you call quiet that the coyotes aren’t going to come in. You may be surprised to find out it’s the exact opposite. Most hunters blast their electronic call or over even mouth call at decibel levels much much higher than what is possible from the lungs of intended prey they are trying to portray. Again, we are in the coyotes natural environment, they can tell when something is realistic or not.


Rather than starting off with a dying prey sound, start out with a howl and wait to see if you get a response. Again, we are looking to locate and a howl is a great way to see who’s in the neighborhood.  Looking and listening are two very important factors. Don’t be afraid to call less and quitter then you might think is necessary.  Less is often times more effective. Patience is key!


Over hunting a particular are is also a quick way to educate a coyote or coyotes, especially when night hunting. I say especially when night hunting because the cover of darkness is one major advantage both the coyote and hunter have on one another. Yes, the coyote cannot see us as well, but the same is true for us spotting the coyote. We use our NightSnipe Hunting Lights by Predator Hunter Outdoors when hunting at night. We prefer to use our headlamp or handheld scan lights to catch eyeshine reflection before that coyote gets downwind of us and the gig is up. Once we locate the eyeshine reflection, we like to switch over to our gun mounted lights. We prefer the NightSnipe Adjustable Beam NS550 because of its versatility for close and long distance shots.


As mentioned before, the coyote also has the cover of darkness to their advantage. Just because were scanning for eyes doesn’t always mean we see them. Many times we are indeed calling coyotes in that slip behind a brush pile, treeline, or simply just approach from a direction we had not intended on. We never saw the coyote, but he was indeed there and know knows that distress sound was definitely not that of his next meal. He now associates that sound and smell with something he knows is danger being us humans. That coyote just became educated and harder to call in next time. If you continuously do this from the same location or area, you are further education them and making them that much harder to hunt. If you’re hunting spots are limited and you don’t want to wait a couple weeks to call that spot again you can use a few different tactics as well.


Waiting for a wind direction that allows you to setup on a completely different location opposite from your last location is a great way to disassociate the last bad experience that coyote had with you.


Using different sound then the previous sound / sounds you may have used. If that coyote busted you during the last hunt and you were screaming rabbit distress, try using coyote vocals. Pup distress is a great attractant to the K9 breed. Their curiosity and protectiveness will many times draw them into a location they normally would be more hesitant to approach.



Hail Mary shots: Don’t take a pop shot just to see if you can hit your intended target when you aren’t confident. A missed coyote is an educated coyote. Pay attention to their mannerisms when they are out at a distance. You’ll be surprised at how far a curious coyote will travel to investigate that distress sounds, or sound from the other “trespassing” coyote stomping around on their home turf. Be patient but not so patient that you don’t take the shot when you are confident. Coyotes are as unpredictable as they come, if the shot is there and you are confident you can make it then do so.


Know the season: The same sounds might not work all year round. What worked yesterday might not work in a month. The breeding season is a great time to switch up your calling tactics and start focusing on sounds associated with other coyotes rather than sounds of distressed varmints. Tony Tebbe has an excellent sound library of just about every coyote sound a predator hunter could ask for. During the breeding we like to use coyote wimpers, female coyote howls, breeding coyotes, pup distress and other sounds associated with the K9. However, these coyote vocals can be used all year and are very effective, not just during the breeding season.


These are just a few tips to get you started as a new coyote hunter. Coyote hunting is a challenging, exciting and rewarding sport. One thing to remember is, do not get discouraged! Every set you do will gain you more experience, confidence and future success.

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